Music education in Spain is part of compulsory teaching since the 90’s. It’s been a time sufficient to research the impact of school music education in new generations, and by the role played by the music within the Spanish educational system and to make a question from evidence on the role of music in the compulsory curriculum in the new framework of the educational reform policies.
Thus, this research arises from a retrospective perspective and at the same time prospective one. Based on empirical data, we want to assess where school music education has been part of the compulsory curriculum. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to produce knowledge from research data to determine the impact of music education in the compulsory teaching in latest decades, as well as documenting its contribution so that the educational system and youth who are trained by it face the challenges of the knowledge and economy society.
In response to this double purpose, music education in Primary and Secondary school will be studied. Music education has been and is partly still subject to justify its presence within the curriculum in philosophical reasons that start in the classical Greece which, although it is important, must pass from the justifications to the evidence of why the music should be (or not) within the school. This project joins a research stream that requires analysis, valuations and decision making based on both quantitative and qualitative empirical data.
Giving an answer to this aim, the project will have a mixed research design developing in three years. The work will start with an in-depth study of the bibliography and the elaboration of categories of analysis for preparing a set of shared research tools. It includes different strategies for the collection and analysis of data, as well as for the validation of results. It will be developed by an interdisciplinary team of researchers, that have with majority of specialists in music education, and diverse geographical representation within Spain. Besides, we also have a well-known colleague from the University of Exeter who will exercise the critical agent role. In addition, she will allow us to compare the national situation with the European reality and to exercise as an external evaluator.
There will be progress reports and the demonstration of finds in scientific conferences and research seminars. The final conclusions, captured in a final report, will be disseminated at academic level with presentations at conferences, proposals for articles in national and international scientific journals, as well as being disclosed through an audiovisual production which will collect testimonies and illustrative experiences for a better transfer of knowledge to society.
Furthemore, meetings will be kept both by videoconference and face-to-face. We will create a Web site to give visibility to the project, and will have the support from a statistical contracted technician for the analysis of the questionnaires and an external evaluation, carried out by the foreign colleague, that values the research process while it is developing.